By all accounts Jesus didn’t do a lot of talking on the cross. It was as if he were alone in his pain — silent for the many hours he hung there, except for a very few words. But these 7 Last Words of Christ from the Cross provide a window into Jesus’ soul, a way to understand through his own last words what is ultimately important to this One who is dying on the cross.
These seven words are taken from different gospels, but assembled into what was probably their chronological order according to a simple harmony of the various gospel accounts of the crucifixion:
1.”Father, forgive them, they know not what they do.” (Luke 23:34)
- “This day you will be with me in Paradise.” (Luke 23:43)
- “Woman, behold your son.” (John 19:26-27)
- “My God, My God, why have you forsaken me?” (Mark 15:34; Matthew 27:46)
- “I thirst.” (John 19:28)
- “It is finished.” (John 19:30)
- “Into your hands I commit my spirit.” (Luke 23:46)
Jesus Christ made seven final statements during his last hours on the cross. These phrases are held dear by followers of Christ because they offer a glimpse into the depth of his suffering to accomplish redemption. Recorded in the Gospels between the time of his crucifixion and his death, they reveal his divinity as well as his humanity.
As much as possible, based on the approximate sequence of events portrayed in the Gospels, these seven last words of Jesus are presented here in chronological order.
1. Jesus Speaks to the Father (Luke 23:34)
Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing.”
In his ministry, Jesus had proven his power to forgive sins. He had taught his disciples to forgive both enemies and friends. Now Jesus practiced what he had preached, forgiving his own torturers. In the midst of his excruciating suffering, the heart of Jesus focused on others rather than himself. Here we see the nature of his love unconditional and divine.
2. Jesus Speaks to the Criminal on the Cross (Luke 23:43)
“I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in paradise.”
One of the criminals who was crucified with Christ had recognized who Jesus was and expressed faith in him as Saviour. Here we see God’s grace poured out through faith, as Jesus assured the dying man of his forgiveness and eternal salvation. The thief would not even have to wait, as Jesus promised the man that he would share eternal life with Christ in paradise that very day. His faith secured him an immediate home in God’s kingdom.
3. Jesus Speaks to Mary and John (John 19:26–270
When Jesus saw his mother there, and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to his mother, “Dear woman, here is your son,” and to the disciple, “Here is your mother.”
Jesus, looking down from the cross, was still filled with the concerns of a son for the earthly needs of his mother. None of his brothers were there to care for her, so he gave this task to the Apostle John. Here we clearly see Christ’s humanity.
4. Jesus Cries Out to the Father (Matthew 27:46)
And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?” that is, “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?”
Then at three o’clock, Jesus called out with a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” which means “My God, my God, why have you abandoned me?”
In the darkest hours of his suffering, Jesus cried out the opening words of Psalm 22. And although much has been suggested regarding the meaning of this phrase, it was quite apparent the agony Christ felt as he expressed separation from God. Here we see the Father turning away from the Son as Jesus bore the full weight of our sin.
5. Jesus Is Thirsty (John 19:28)
Jesus knew that everything was now finished, and to fulfill the Scriptures he said, “I am thirsty.”
Jesus refused the initial drink of vinegar, gall, and myrrh (Matthew 27:34 and Mark 15:23) offered to alleviate his suffering. But here, several hours later, we see Jesus fulfilling the messianic prophecy found in Psalm 69:21: “They offer me sour wine for my thirst.”
6. It Is Finished (John 19:30)
… he said, “It is finished!”
Jesus knew he was suffering the crucifixion for a purpose. Earlier he had said in John 10:18 of his life, “No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord. I have authority to lay it down and authority to take it up again. This command I received from my Father.”
These three words were packed with meaning, for what was finished here was not only Christ’s earthly life, not only his suffering and dying, not only the payment for sin and the redemption of the world—but the very reason and purpose he came to earth was finished. His final act of obedience was complete. The Scriptures had been fulfilled.
7. Jesus’ Last Words (Luke 23:46)
Jesus called out with a loud voice, “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit.” When he had said this, he breathed his last.
Here Jesus closes with the words of Psalm 31:5, speaking to God the Father. We see his complete trust in his heavenly Father. Jesus entered death in the same way he lived each day of his life, offering up his life as the perfect sacrifice and placing himself in God’s hands.